José G. Anaya, Enrique Castañeda-Alvarado, Alejandro Illanes
Continua with unique symmetric product

Comment.Math.Univ.Carolin. 54,3 (2013) 397-406.

Abstract:Let $X$ be a metric continuum. Let $F_{n}(X)$ denote the hyperspace of nonempty subsets of $X$ with at most $n$ elements. We say that the continuum $X$ has \textit{unique hyperspace }$F_{n}(X)$ provided that the following implication holds: if $Y$ is a continuum and $F_{n}(X)$ is homeomorphic to $F_{n}(Y)$, then $X$ is homeomorphic to $Y$. In this paper we prove the following results: (1) if $X$ is an indecomposable continuum such that each nondegenerate proper subcontinuum of $X$ is an arc, then $X$ has unique hyperspace $F_{2}(X)$, and (2) let $X$ be an arcwise connected continuum for which there exists a unique point $v\in X$ such that $v$ is the vertex of a simple triod. Then $X$ has unique hyperspace $F_{2}(X)$.

Keywords: arc continuum; continuum; indecomposable; symmetric product; unique hyperspace
AMS Subject Classification: 54B20 54F15